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The IndieHemp Cannablog

An ongoing series of informational entries

The Entourage Effect

December 27, 2018


When does 2 + 2 = 5?  It matters when you're dealing with issues like Cancer.  


When you're comparing a medicine's pure synthetic form to the same substance in its natural form, particularly plants.


In short, the entourage effect is the name scientists have given to describe the added benefits of using multiple cannabinoids as opposed to a single, isolated cannabinoid. CBD in isolated form can be effective, yes. But a full-spectrum CBD product that contains not only CBD but a tiny bit of THC, CBN, CBG, and other cannabinoids, has been found to be more effective with all these compounds working together.


Why is this important? Because CBD isn’t the only substance in the cannabis plant that possesses healing properties. And we’re not just talking about cannabinoids, either. Cannabis also contains beneficial compounds called terpenes and flavonoids. The plant actually has hundreds of active substances in it!


When you take a full-spectrum, or whole-plant, CBD preparation, you’re taking in a little bit of all of these compounds. Think of each little piece almost like an athlete on a sports team—maybe CBD is the quarterback, and an amazing one at that, but bringing in all the other teammates and having them play their roles is really what makes that star athlete shine. In the case of whole-plant CBD, this team—the “entourage”—of substances each works to make the others more effective. The end result is a more potent CBD product that is much more likely to address the health problems it’s used for.


You might be wondering if this is true, why do CBD isolate products even exist? Well, there are a few reasons:


It’s much easier to standardize and quantify the exact amount of CBD in a product that only contains CBD. But again, you’re missing out on the benefits of the “entourage.”

Certain people are very sensitive to THC, or want to be sure there is zero THC going into their bodies. Think professional athletes, etc.

Whole-plant supplements are harder to regulate than FDA-monitored medical products. An isolate certainly “cleans up” the confusion around what’s in your botanical supplement. But if you do your due diligence, you can find full-spectrum products that are rigorously tested for purity and quality (like ours!). These products should use third-party lab testing that lets you know exactly what you’re getting.


In short, the entourage effect is a really, really good thing. Only a full-spectrum or whole-plant preparation gives you the “whole team,” so to speak. So take advantage of the entourage effect and get the most out of your CBD therapy!


Enjoy the Benefits, Without the High.

5 Rules For Buying a Quality CBD Product

January 7, 2019

In this guide to buying CBD, we'll teach you what to look for in a quality product. You should always know how much you're getting, what you’re getting, where it comes from, and how to steer clear of red flags.

Rule #1: Understand how much CBD you’re getting.

If you're new to CBD and wondering what the "right amount" is, it's going to be unique to you. Your body is unique and therefore so is your tolerance to CBD.

The best products are clear and explicit about CBD concentration. The amount printed on the bottle—1000 mg, for example—equals the total amount of active CBD in the entire bottle. Tip: Look for the amount of liquid in the product. 


For instance, Green HoriZen bottles have 2-5x the concentration of CBD per drop as competitor's 30ml or 1oz bottles. Check our products for approximate values of CBD per drop and if you’re still not sure about concentration, just ask!


Rule #2: When it comes to ingredients, less is more.

Look for a product that gets down to business, one that isn’t touting a bunch of additional nutritional elements, flavorings, or—worst of all—fillers.

Some companies like to add superfoods to their CBD preparations, claiming these additions offer added health benefits. But along with the CBD extract and carrier oil, it’s unlikely there will be enough of the added ingredient to provide any health benefit. Also if the added ingredient is unfamiliar, you’re better off steering clear.


Rule #3: When it comes to cannabinoids, more is more.

CBD is one of 80+ cannabinoids that occur naturally in the cannabis plant. It turns out, the other lesser-known cannabinoids are surprisingly important!

In over 50 years of research, experts agree that the benefits from multiple cannabinoids consumed together outweigh the consumption of just one. This means that CBD is more effective when consumed with other cannabinoids instead of isolated on its own. This “joining forces” of various cannabinoids is known as the entourage effect.


A CBD product that contains multiple cannabinoids is called full-spectrum or whole plant while CBD-only products are called isolates.


If you want the maximum benefits from Cannabis, seek out full-spectrum products, but be careful of drug testing laws or employer requirements with full-spectrum.


Either way, your body is getting pharmaceutical grade products that will surely bring you to a better state and well-being.


Rule #4: Not all CBD is created equal.

High-potency CBD can come from marijuana or hemp plants, especially if they are bred for higher CBD content. Here in the United States, using hemp for CBD is what allows it to be legal—federal law dictates that if hemp CBD contains 0.3% THC or less, it’s fair game to ship across the country. This doesn’t mean that there is anything inferior about the CBD you’re getting—your body understands this chemical compound, regardless of which type of plant it comes from.


One thing you should pay attention to whether the CBD source plant is domestic or foreign. Many foreign-grown CBD plants aren’t regulated in the same way that domestically grown crops are. We recommend spending a few extra bucks on organic, locally grown CBD to ensure that it comes from clean, unpolluted fields. We pride ourselves in our 100% organic hemp crop harvested in Colorado and Oregon.


Rule #5: Watch out for solvents.

There are two primary ways to extract CBD from a plant—either by solvent or carbon dioxide (CO2) extraction.


With the solvent method, solvents are mixed with the plant material and strip the plant of CBD. Many CBD companies use ethanol (a type of alcohol) for extraction and swear by it. Watch out for hydrocarbons like butane, hexane—basically anything with an “-ane” at the end of it. These can be toxic, and can also compromise the benefits of CBD.


With the CO2 method, the gas is warmed to an extremely high temperature where it behaves like a liquid. In its liquid form, CO2 dissolves the CBD and other cannabinoids from the plant source to create a liquid CBD extract. This operation requires significant expertise and pricey equipment, so CBD that’s made this way can be a bit more expensive. Is it worth it? Absolutely. CO2 is a 100% natural substance and used for extracting coffee, essential oils, and many other food products. It’s the safest, cleanest way to make CBD when done in the right hands and the only way we extract our CBD.


Enjoy the Benefits, Without the High.

What is CBD?

Feb 7, 2019

Looking for a basic understanding of what CBD is (and isn’t)? We’ve got you covered.

CBD, short for cannabidiol (pronounced canna-bi-dial) is a chemical compound found in the cannabis plant. Cannabis actually contains 80+ similar compounds called cannabinoids, which include THC. The reason you get high from marijuana is due to the effects of THC—but other cannabinoids (like CBD) don’t get you high at all.


The more we learn about CBD, the more it seems poised to revolutionize medicine as we know it. Because CBD is safe and doesn’t get you high, CBD-based products aren’t restricted by the legal ban on marijuana.

Where Does CBD Come From?


Is it hemp? Marijuana? Cannabis? There’s actually no need to be confused about this. Hemp, marijuana, and cannabis are different names for the same thing! These all fall under the plant species called Cannabis Sativa L. Hemp and marijuana are simply different varieties of this plant. Both of them contain CBD.

Some people have been misled to believe that hemp plants can’t have CBD in them—this is 100% false. But it’s important to know that CBD doesn’t come from the hemp seeds that many people are familiar with—hempseed oil, which you might have seen in your local health food store, is not a source of CBD. CBD comes mainly from the flowers and leaves of the hemp plant. Today, growers are smart, and they’ve learned how to cultivate hemp that’s higher in CBD concentration.


Hemp CBD extract that’s made from a wholesomely grown, CBD-rich strain of hemp is an incredibly powerful substance with natural healing properties. And remember, CBD derived from hemp is legal, so you can get it hassle-free. That’s why at Indie Hemp Company we use only the best-quality, American-grown hemp we can find—we want to get the healing power of CBD into the hands of people who need it.


The bottom line is that whether your CBD comes from a hemp plant or a marijuana plant, it’s all CBD to your body. Finding a high-quality hemp CBD source means you’ll get a product that’s clean, safe, and 100% legal.

CBD Won’t Get You High


We said this earlier, and we’ll say it again. People who are new to CBD often worry that it can get you stoned, thanks to the association with marijuana and THC. But you don’t have to worry about this one bit. Study after study and thousands of CBD users will tell you that there is no way, no how, that you can get high from using CBD. It’s biologically impossible!


Actually, CBD and THC are like twin siblings, chemically speaking. Their makeup is very similar but slightly different. This slight difference equals vastly different effects. In fact, studies tell us that CBD can have the opposite effect of THC in many scenarios—especially when it comes to getting high. You can take as much CBD as you want and while you might feel a little woozy if you take a lot, you will never experience anything psychoactive. This is why CBD is so great for people who are dealing with problems like chronic pain, who probably need to take a fair amount throughout the day.


The Potential Health Benefits of CBD Are Worth It

The cannabis plant has been used in communities all over the world for centuries. Healers, kings, and queens wouldn’t keep coming back to it if it didn’t help them in some way. Scientists now know that CBD interacts with various systems in your body that control and regulate different functions. Because of this, it can be your best friend in helping to treat a variety of health problems.

The biggest reasons people look to CBD are to alleviate pain, reduce stress, soothe anxiety, and get better sleep at night. Time and again, we hear from our customers about how they struggled for years with different prescription and over-the-counter options to help with these problems, with disappointing results. Well, here’s some good news to brighten your day: If you’re one of those people, CBD might just bring you the hope and relief that you seek. CBD has been shown to be effective in helping with all of these conditions, and more. And it’s not just effective, but all-natural and safe!


Why Does CBD Work?

Remember how we mentioned “regulating functions”? The reason CBD helps your body to do this has been scientifically established. In your body, you have an intricate system of neurons and receptors that have evolved over thousands of years to regulate your major biological functions. This is known as the endocannabinoid system, or ECS, for short.


You probably don’t know it, but your body makes its very own cannabinoids, which interact with the ECS to create balance. Sometimes, as we age, become stressed, ill, or compromised in other ways, the ECS needs a boost. Think of your ECS like a thermostat. When everything’s working correctly, it doesn’t matter what the weather’s like outside. On the inside, the temperature stays level—and you stay comfortable. But if that thermostat is broken, you’re at the mercy of the elements. The temperature is no longer level—and you get uncomfortable and feel out of balance.


Luckily, Mother Nature has gifted us cannabinoids that come from plants, like the CBD that comes from hemp cannabis. CBD is a compound that your body innately understands because it’s a lot like the cannabinoids your body makes already. It interacts with the ECS to help you to fix that busted thermostat, restoring balance and comfort by inspiring your body to heal itself!


Yes, CBD Is Legal!

Putting a healing, nourishing compound into your body should be a fearless, proactive decision—your well-being certainly shouldn’t come with a legal warning. And it doesn’t have to. We can assure you that CBD that comes from hemp and contains less than 0.3% THC lies within the limits of the law.

People who are new to CBD are sometimes concerned about this because of the association between cannabis and higher-THC marijuana, which is a controlled substance. Any honest, reputable CBD company holds their products to the highest standards and respects the legal limits. At Vitalife, we make sure that all the compounds in our CBD products are at the most acceptable levels so there are zero snags in getting the magic of CBD to the people who need it most.


Why Is CBD Suddenly So Popular?

As we’ve talked about, cannabis medicine has been used and celebrated by many cultures for centuries. Over the last few years, thanks to some amazing new discoveries about how CBD can help people with severe conditions like epilepsy and Parkinson’s disease make truly miraculous turnarounds, CBD has really entered the spotlight. The more that patients and studies confirm what it can do, the more the world is watching as CBD’s massive potential continues to be unlocked.


The Future Looks Bright for CBD Users

We hope you’ve enjoyed what you’ve read here. We know you’re reading this because you want answers, and we want you to feel 100% confident in your understanding of CBD. Many advocates claim that CBD could be the “future of healing.” Given how much CBD has done for people already, along with the fact that research continues to be done on harnessing its full potential, we just might have to agree.


Try it for yourself and see how it elevates your well-being and helps with what ails you. 


Enjoy the Benefits, Without the High.

The Extremely Long History of Cannabis as Medicine

March 7, 2019

The picture depicted is a 10 dollar US bill with Hemp farming on the back.  


2900 BC Chinese emperor Fu Hsi references cannabis as a popular medicine

2750 BC Earliest known surgery was performed in Egypt

2700 BC Chinese emperor Shen Nung said to skiver healing properties of cannabis

1550 BC ancient Egyptian’s Ebbers papyrus makes note of medical cannabis as a way to treat inflammation

1500 BC Earliest written reference to medical cannabis in Chinese PharmaCopia

1450 BC Book of Exodus references holy anointing oil made from cannabis

1213 BC Egyptians use cannabis for glaucoma inflammation and enemas

1000 BC BHANG a drink from cannabis and milk is used in India as an anesthetic

700 BC Medical use of cannabis in the middle east recorded in the Vendidad

600 BC Indian medicine treaties sites cannabis as a cure for leprosy

288 BC Ancient library of Alexandria is built a science discovery place

1CE Ancient Chinese text recommends cannabis for more than 100 elements

30 CE Jesus allegedly using anointing or an all made with cannabis

70 CE Roman medical text sites cannabis to treat pain and suppress sexual longing

79 CE Pliny the elder writes about medicinal properties of cannabis plants

200 CE Chinese surgeon Hua T’o uses cannabis resin and wine as anesthetic

800 CE Cannabis use wisely as a medicine in Arabic world

1546 Germ Theory first proposed by Italian physician Girolamo Francastoro

1578 Chinese medical text describes many uses for cannabis

1600 Evidence shows William Shakespeare used cannabis

1621 English health book recommends cannabis to treat depression

1652 Herbalist Nicholas Cole Pepper writes about medical use for hemp

1745 George Washington grows cannabis for medical use as well as hemp for industrial use

1799 Napoleon forces bring cannabis from Egypt to France

1840 Medical cannabis comes to the united kingdom and used by queen Victoria

1850 Cannabis use added to US Pharmacopeia

1867 Antiseptic surgical Methods first outline by Joseph Lister

1889 An article in The Lancet outlines use of cannabis for opiate withdrawal

1893 Indian hemp commission mentions several medical uses for cannabis

1900 Cannabis use for asthma bronchitis and loss of appetite in South Asia

1925 League of Nations signed treaty restricting cannabis used to medical only

1930 American pharmaceutical firms cells extracts of medical cannabis

1936 New medication supplants cannabis as treatment for pain

1937 The United States outlaws all cannabis and creates a reefer madness campaign

1938 LaGuardia report concludes cannabis has minimal dangers

1954 The first successful organ transplant surgery occurs

1964 TetraHydroCannabidiol THC first identified and synthesized

1976 Federal Court rules Robert Randall‘s use of cannabis a medical necessity

1978 New Mexico passes for the state law recognizing medical value of cannabis

1990 Scientists discover cannabinoid receptors

1992 Scientists discover first Endo cannabinoid system

1996 California becomes first state to legalize medical cannabis

2003 US government receives cannabinoids patent

2003 The first commercial CO2 extraction of cannabis are developed and sold in California for both marijuana and hemp

2003 Study finds legal medical cannabis reduces fatal car accidents

2016 Modern medicine gets greenlight to begin full medical research into the potential of cannabis


Third millennium BC E 

2900 BC credited with bringing civilization to China, emperor Fu Hsi, made reference to Ma (the Chinese word for cannabis), noting that it was a very popular medicine that both possessed Yin and yang


2700 BC Chinese Emperor Shen Nung (also known as Chen Nung, the father of Chinese medicine) discovered the healing properties of cannabis, as well as two other important medicinal herbs ginseng and ephedra.


Second millennial BCE 

1500 BC the use of cannabis for purposes of healing predates recorded history. The earliest written reference is found in the 15th century BC Chinese pharmacopeia the Rh-YA


1450 BC Primary sources suggest the recipe for the anointing oil passed from God to Moses included cannabis (kaneh-bosm in Hebrew).


First millennial B.C.E. 

700 BC the Vendidad a volume of ancient Persian religious text, mentions a mixture of milk Guy and cannabis and list cannabis as the most important of the 10,000 medicinal plants ever recorded


600 B.C.E. the first major work to lay out the uses of cannabis and Indian medicine was the idea of Eric treaties of sushi router saw him he tea. It sites cannabis as an anti-phlegmatic and care for leprosy


First millennial CE 

30 CE. In the new testament, Jesus anointed his disciples with potent psychoactive oil known as Chisholm. The ancient recipe for this oil, recorded in exodus, included over 9 pounds of flowering cannabis tops known as kind of bows him in Hebrew, extracted into olive oil with a variety of other herbs and spices. The mixture was used in ceremonies to allow priests and profits to see and speak with Yahweh. Jesus is described by the apostle Mark as casting out demons and healing by the use of this holy Chrism.


79CE Pliney the elder, and ancient Roman nobleman, scientist and historian, author of "Naturalis Historia," writes that the boiled roots of cannabis eased cramp joints, gout and similar violent pain.


Second millennium CE 1538 CE. During the middle ages, hemp was central to any medicine cabinet. William Turner, and naturalist considered the first English botanist praises in his "New Herball" published 1538.


1621 CE. English clergymen and oxford scholar Robert Burton suggest cannabis as a treatment for depression and is influential and still popular book "The Anatomy of Melancholy"


1745 CE. George Washington’s diary entries indicate that he grew hemp at Mount Vernon his plantation for about 30 years. According to his agricultural ledgers, he had a particular interest in the medicinal use of cannabis and several of his diary entries indicate that he was growing cannabis with high THC content as well as hemp for industrial uses and paper


1840 CE. Cannabis was re-introduced into British medicine in 1842 by Dr William O’Shaughnessy an army surgeon who had served in India. I was widely used for a variety of ailments at the time, including muscle spasms, menstrual cramps, rheumatism, headache and the convulsions have tetanus rabies and epilepsy.


1850 CE. Cannabis first appears in the United States pharmacopeia (an official public standard setting authority for all prescription and over-the-counter medicines) which listed it as a treatment for numerous afflictions including tetanus, typhus, cholera, rabies, dysentery, alcoholism, opiate addiction, leprosy, gout, compulsive disorders, convulsing, tonsillitis, insanity, excess of menstrual bleeding, amongst others


1889 CE. An article in The Lancet, one of the worlds leading medical journals, outline the application of cannabis for the treatment of opium and coral hydrate withdrawl symptoms: the mixture reduced the opium craving an acted as an anti-emetic.


1938 CE. New York city mayor Fiorello LaGuardia requests that the New York Academy of medicine conduct an investigation of cannabis. The report titled "The marijuana problem in the city of New York" but commonly referred to as a "LaGuardia report" concludes that many claims about the dangers of marijuana are exaggerated or untrue based on greed through many other powerful people.


1990 CE. Miles Herkenham, Senior Investigator at the National Institute of Mental Health discovers the cannabinoid receptors system. This discovery help scientist understand the Pharmalogical affects of cannabinoids which occur when THC binds with the cannabinoid receptors in the brain. He later would discover CBD and the other cannabinoids that are able to work through homeostasis in the mammalian systems.